History: BPFK Section: Nonce Connectives

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Proposed Definitions And Examples

 

Proposed Definition of ba'e

 

ba'e (BAhE)
Emphasize next word. The forethought emphasis indicator. Indicates that next word is especially emphasized or emphatic. For grammatical purposes, "ba'e" binds with and marks the following word but does not change its nature. The construct behaves just as the marked word by itself. The two words are considered distinct for "sa" matching purposes, however. In the case of an apparent conflict, the effects of this word (and all other words that change the grammatical effects of nearby words) should be read left to right. See also za'e, sa.
    • Keywords: Emphasize next word, emphasize next.

 

Examples of ba'e Usage

 

le lisri cu ba'e pu zdile
The story WAS amusing.

.oisai mi bilga le nu ba'e ca cliva
Dammit, I need to leave NOW.

The following examples are intended to illustrate interactions of ba'e with other words of special grammatical effect, and hence may be pathological.

mi cusku zo da ba'e si zo do
I said "X", no, wait, definately NOT that: "you".

ko pensi depsna ba'e bu
Think about "hesitation sound" AS A LETTER.

ko pensi lo depsna .e me'o zo ba'e bu
Think about the hesitation sound, and the emphasis letter.

lo nu ciksi lo ba'e zei se zei cinmo cu nandu
''Explaning the emphasis-emotion is difficult.

Proposed Definition of za'e

 

za'e (BAhE)
Nonce word follows. Forethought nonce-word indicator. Indicates that the next word is a nonce creation or is nonstandard in some way. For grammatical purposes, "za'e" binds with and marks the following word but does not change its nature. The construct behaves just as the marked word by itself. The two words are considered distinct for "sa" matching purposes, however. In the case of an apparent conflict, the effects of this word (and all other words that change the grammatical effects of nearby words) should be read left to right. See also ba'e, sa.
    • Keywords: Nonce-word next, nonce word follows.

 

Examples of za'e Usage

 
doi grizis mi tcidu za'e la ralcku
Grizis, I read what I'll call "The Book".

See also the examples for ba'e, which is grammatically identical to za'e.

Proposed Definition of zei

 

zei (ZEI)
lujvo glue. Connects words into a lujvo. Joins preceding and following words into a lujvo. For grammatical purposes, "zei" binds with the preceding word and the following word. The combination is considered a single brivla (i.e. it is treated as just one word). In the case of an apparent conflict, the effects of this word (and all other words that change the grammatical effects of nearby words) should be read left to right. See also lujvo.
    • Keywords: lujvo glue.

 

Examples of zei Usage

 
pe'u roko friti le se .uu zei cinmo
Please, all of you offer your sympathies.
Literally, "pity type of feeling".

mi lojban zei ciska
I'm Lojbanically writing.
Literally, "Lojban type of writer".

The following examples are intended to illustrate interactions of zei with other words of special grammatical effect, and hence may be pathological.

lu da zei fa'o li'u cu mutce cizra lujvo
"da type-of fa'o" is a very strange lujvo.

mi ciska me'o .ui zei nai bu
I wrote a frowny face.
Literally "happy type-of not letter".

lu zo bu zei sa si zo bu zei su li'u cu mupli
"bu type-of sa", I mean, "bu type-of su" is an example.

Proposed Definition of xi

 

xi (XI)
Subscript. Subscript indicator. Attaches the following number or letteral string as a subscript. Can be used almost anywhere, but is mostly used on sumti and in mathematical expressions.
    • Keywords: subscript, subscript indicator.

 

Examples of xi Usage

 
li xy. boi xi ci du li xy. boi xi pa su'i xy. boi xi re
x sub three = x sub one plus x sub two

la'e di'u xi re cu xamgu se morji mi
The thing you mentioned two utterances ago is well remembered by me.

Notes

 

  • A usage convention for superscript would be *lovely*, but no ideas are coming to mind.

 

  • Despite xi causing bizarre interactions in mekso, I honestly can't think of anything interesting to say about it.

 

Impact

 

  • ba'e can no longer be used by zei or bu on the left (or anything else on the left, for that matter) without using zo. It affects these words as normal, however.

 

  • zei structures are now a single word for purposes of following magic words.

 

  • Both of these are well worth having a defined precedence in all cases.

 

Proposed New cmavo

 

  • Another member of ZEI with reverse-order modified-modifier semantics.
    • The shepherd doesn't consider this terribly important, but it certainly would help match the rest of the language, which is very configurable.
    • "broda zei co zei brode" has been suggested for this usage. Should I write that up as a usage convention?

 


History

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Date User IP Edit Comment Version   Action
Thu 21 of Aug., 2014 18:05 GMT Ilmen 95.210.209.219 Template 24
Current
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Thu 21 of Aug., 2014 17:59 GMT Ilmen 95.210.209.219 Adding box formatting. 23 v  s
Thu 21 of Aug., 2014 17:58 GMT Ilmen 95.210.209.219 Adding box formatting. 22 v  s
Sun 15 of June, 2014 19:16 GMT durka42 50.77.84.234 clarify BAhE as per mriste nuncasnu (edit 3 of 2) 21 v  s
Sun 15 of June, 2014 19:13 GMT durka42 50.77.84.234 clarify BAhE as per mriste nuncasnu (edit 2 of 2) 20 v  s
Sun 15 of June, 2014 19:06 GMT durka42 50.77.84.234 clarify BAhE as per mriste nuncasnu (edit 1 of 2) 19 v  s
Tue 10 of June, 2014 03:27 GMT mukti 68.173.146.212   18 v  s
Thu 04 of Nov., 2010 14:09 GMT RossOgilvie 220.239.170.184 Changed examples to use ;: indenting construction. imo much easier to read, and standard in other sections 17 v  s
Sun 13 of Feb., 2005 22:56 GMT rlpowell 64.81.49.134   16 v  s
Sat 29 of Jan., 2005 01:08 GMT rlpowell 64.241.242.18   15 v  s
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Fri 05 of Nov., 2004 21:51 GMT rlpowell 198.6.50.155   1 v  s