<- Borrowing words from Graeco-Latin

These rules tell us how to get from the citation forms of Latin nouns, as listed in a dictionary like Lewis and Short to the ablative form used for making fu'ivla. Latin nouns are cited as the nominative form and the genitive ending, separated by a comma.

Declension Nominative ending Genitive ending Ablative ending
First -a -ae -a
Second (masc) -us -i -o
Second (neut) -um -i -o
Third (none) -is -e
Third (rare) -is -is -i
Fourth (rare) -us -us -u
Fifth (rare) -es -ei -e


  • stella, ae -> stella 'star'
  • servus, i -> servo 'slave'
  • bellum, i -> bello 'war'
  • princeps, ipis -> principe 'ruler'
  • dux, ducis -> duce 'leader'
  • custos, odis -> custode 'guard'
  • pater, tris -> patre 'father'
  • genus, eris -> genere 'kind'
  • cliens, entis -> cliente 'client'
  • ignis, is -> igni 'fire'
  • manus, us -> manu 'hand'
  • dies, diei -> die 'die'

These are standard Latin nouns used to illustrate noun declension, not suitable as fu'ivla.