Gismu can be thought of as root words. They are always exactly five letters long, taking the form of either CVCCV or CCVCV (C = consonant, V = vowel).
|Example 1.1 : gismu forms|
In a Lojban sentence, gismu generally appear as either a predicate (bridi, something like an adjective or verb), or as an argument (sumti, something like a subject or an object). There is no single part of speech that gismu correspond to in English.
|Example 1.2 : parts of speech|
|word||gloss||English part of speech|
|bajra||to run||transitive verb|
|Example 1.3 : rafsi|
Example 1.4 forming a compound word
|running + site = track (for running on)|
|baj (bajra) + stu (stuzi) = bajystu|