Gismu can be thought of as root words. They are always exactly five letters long, taking the form of either CVCCV or CCVCV (C = consonant, V = vowel).

Example 1.1 : gismu forms
word form gloss
bajra CVCCV to run
stuzi CCVCV location

In a Lojban sentence, gismu generally appear as either a predicate (bridi, something like an adjective or verb), or as an argument (sumti, something like a subject or an object). There is no single part of speech that gismu correspond to in English.

Example 1.2 : parts of speech
word gloss English part of speech
bajra to run transitive verb
stuzi location common noun

Many gismu have one or more three-letter abbreviations (rafsi) for forming compound words (lujvo).

Example 1.3 : rafsi
word abbreviation(s)
bajra baj
stuzi stu, tuz

Example 1.4 forming a compound word

running + site = track (for running on)
baj (bajra) + stu (stuzi) = bajystu

lei gismu cu jicmu traji lo'i lojbo brivla .i ro da poi gismu zo'u da porsi fi lo'i 5 lo lerfu .i ro da poi lujvo zo'u da se zbasu loi rafsi be loi gismu

Definitions elsewhere:

Created by admin. Last Modification: Sunday 08 of June, 2014 19:22:43 GMT by mukti.